Cat Breeds

23 Domestic Longhaired Cats You Should Know

Other than our glamorous Persians, and the majestic Maine Coons who revel in outdoor play-catch, how many more longhaired cat breed(s) can you list? 

Don’t be surprised to know they are more than 20 breeds of our luscious and bushy four-legged friends

1. Balinese (Longhaired cat breed)

Lifespan: 10-15 years

This beautiful cat with sapphire-blue eyes are a result of genetic mutation of the Siamese breed. They have long svelte body with fine, milky-white pointed fur.

The only difference being Balinese’s longer, silky coat that becomes wavy at its longest points (seal, lilac, chocolate, blue point). Balinese is hypoallergenic cat breed, the reason being their lack of allergy-causing undercoats.

If you are not fond of cleaning lots of cat hair, Balinese is for you! This longhaired cat breed have slow shedding hair that will certainly suit your preference!

This vocal cat loves daily chatting with their hoomans and will follow you around, wanting your complete attention.

2. Birman (Longhaired cat breed)

Lifespan: 14-15 years

Birman was the result of Burmese cats being transported from France and bred with Siamese cats. They are known as the “Sacred Cat of Burma”. Birman is notable for being the sacred feline companions to priests in Burma, their home country. 

Similar to Ragdoll, Birman is famous for their deep-blue eyes. Their soft, long coat, is also lighter in color compared to on their face. They are big cats with thick, stocky body. They have six coat colors (white, cream, chocolate, blue, red, tortoiseshell) and two patterns (lynx or pointed). Their other remarkable features include white mitten paws and bushy tail.

This elegant longhaired cat breed is both less in shedding and activity, making them the best choice of pets for cuddling. Though, they are rather prone to matting for the reason that they lack an undercoat.

Although they are generally calm, Birmans are friendly cats. who do best in homes where company of human and other pets is available at all times. 

3. Cymric (Longhaired cat breed)

Lifespan: 8-14 years

Cymric is a stout tailless breed, a type of longhaired Manx. Their tails range in length, but all are smaller than the average cat’s tail size. 

Despite their big size, Cymric is an athletic cat breed. This longhaired cat breed is generally playful and have a good nature, but can also be calm and relaxed. And just like Ragdoll, Cymrics are intelligent cats that are easy to train for copious tricks!

4. Himalayan (Himmies) (Longhaired cat breed)

Lifespan: 9-15 years

Himalayans are popular for their look. A crossbreed between Persian and a Siamese had resulted in a gorgeous cat with sapphire blue eyes and stunning coat colors of a Siamese, and the silky and long hair of a Persian.

They have a cobby body that often appears bigger than their actual medium size due to their long colorpoint coats (chocolate, lynx, tortie, red, blue)

It seems as though they age slower due to their playful nature that is like a kitten (fetch that ball!), but this sweet social cat has a short energy which makes them a perfect candidate for a quiet, peaceful home. These longhaired cat breed love to petting as they can easily be spotted curling in people’s lap (hate it when you left them alone 😟), though they shed often thus requiring daily grooming (daily combing and frequent baths) to keep their coat soft and shiny.

5. Javanese (Mandarin Cat)

Lifespan: 10-15 years

A mix of Siamese and Balinese cats had produced a long haired cat with Siamese colorpoint coats. Javanese has a silky medium length coat that needs only a few combings in a whole week. They are known for their athletic gracefulness with their slender and lithe long body. And just like the Siamese, they are very vocal and active, a combination that makes seeing them lounging quietly in the background of your home near to impossible. 

6. Maine Coon (Longhaired cat breed)

Lifespan: 12-15 years

This majestic feline of the state of Maine is the oldest American cat breed and a well-known competitor of cat shows held in New York and Boston. They have over 75 coat colors and three eye colors (gold, copper, green) and are easy to recognize from their breeches and neck ruff. They are relatively sturdy and large in size than the average cats with their broad chest.

Maine Coons are woodland as much as winter cats. Their tendency to be polydactyl (extra toes!) makes them a remarkable climber and hunter. Maine Coon is also famous for their incredible abilities at mouse hunting.

Their water-resistant, shaggy coat makes them relatively maintenance-free and the best cat to travel with during harsh winter weather. Their tufted paws provide as miniature snowshoes that ease the venture across snow terrain. Meanwhile, their bushy feathered tail tend to them as its massive length wraps around their body for additional warmth. 

Famous as the fluffy “gentle giant”, these longhaired cat breed are the most preferred choice as family pets due to their good-natured demeanor that adapt wonderfully with adults and children as well as other animals.

7. Norwegian Forest (Wegie) (Longhaired cat breed)

Lifespan: 12-16 years

Coming from the Scandinavian woodland, they also go by the name ‘Forest Cat’. They sport the same appearance as the Maine Coon with their triangular head, tufted ears and paws, and plumed tail, though they take their cousin’s talents to another level.

Wegie is a legendary breed with countless accounts mentioning them travelling on Viking ships. They features prominently in Norse mythology as the skogkatt, the mystical cat with power to climb rock faces thanks to their humongous, muscular body and agility. Many believe they were once Norse goddess Freya‘s favourite kitty.

Wegies have dense, water-resistant fluffy double coat that helped them survive all through generations despite the harsh climate of Scandinavia. Worry not! Bathing them is the least of your concern as they only need it if ever their hair becomes very dirty or medical necessity requires it. 

The most impressive feature of Wegie is their downy undercoat that doubles in size during winter. This is the ideal longhaired cat breed for feline lovers who reside in cold countries. They look remarkably different during spring after shedding a huge portion of their coats. Not only that, their coat also lightens and darkens with the changing seasons! Do be sure to comb them daily during their heavy-shedding period 😉

Weige has a flexible personality. They love attention and easy to blend in with literally anyone or any pets, but content being by themselves

8. Persian Longhair (Longhaired cat breed)

Photo by Dan Dennis on Unsplash

Lifespan: 14-15 years

The oldest and most popular pedigreed indoor cat breed since Victorian era. They originated from Turkish Angora cats crossed with longhaired cat breed(s) from Afghanistan, China, Persia, Burma and Russia. 

This posh feline has a massive head and small, tout body, but they are admittedly famous for their smushed face, vivid green or copper eyes, and long fur with coats of various patterns. Some are born with silky coat while others have cotton coat as soft as fluffy bunny’s tail.

More than their interesting look, their affectionate and expressive persona is the definite attraction that wins the heart of cat lovers. But being one of the least active kitties, they don’t find cat towers too interesting, even lesser any sort of kitty gym

Lifestyle-wise, Turkish Angora is low-maintenance from their generally inactive nature. Grooming-wise, however, this exquisite breed is quite a high-maintenance. But you may not mind that from the amount of love they show towards you in return! Just remember to handle them with care as this reserved kitty can get easily stressed.

9. Ragdoll

Lifespan: 12-17 years

Ragdoll is a breed developed by Ann Baker during 1960s where she breed free-roaming cats in her neighborhood in California. They later gained their name from how their muscles relax as they fall limp like a ‘ragdoll’ when held. 

They have striking heavy, blue, golden or blue-green eyes and darker points on their face than the lighter shade on their body. Good news for cat lovers! Their silky, plush fur requires sparse routine grooming because of their insulating undercoat that reduces matting and shedding.

Ragdoll takes four years to reach maturity. Even after that, their nature as placid, loving cats linger as they continue doing well with children and revelling in constant cradles. They are also very trusting to humans and are very brilliant kitties that can be taught quickly to do amazing tricks.

Keep in mind that these longhaired cat breed are docile and would not thrive outdoors, so owners should be responsible and see that they are always kept indoors

10. Somali

Lifespan: 12-16 years

They are a long haired variety of the short haired Abyssinian. They originated from breeders introducing long-haired breeds during World War II in their attempt to boost the Abyssinian populations that were dwindling, but this breed was only considered distinctive during the 1960s and 1970s.

Somali gives the appearance of a small wild fox with their pointed ears, full brush tail and shaggy tick coat (brown, grey, cinnamon, red, blue) that requires occasional care save for daily brushing. The fur around their ruff and on their tail are especially fluffy. Other than that, they known for its lithe, slender build and golden or green eyes

Somalis are entertaining and intelligent cats that get along best with active owners who seek engaging companions.

11. Turkish Angora

Lifespan: 15-18 years

They are one of the first longhair cats in Europe discovered in Turkey sometimes around the 15th century, and once considered to be the only white cats with green or blue eyes. They come in numerous color patterns (white, chocolate, tabby, calico) and are generally small to medium in size.

Their large pointed ears, long plumed tail, wedge-shaped head and silky long coat (one of the softest!) are to be thanked for their sophisticated appearance. But don’t let that fool you! They are actually an active trickster who love to take dominance, but bask in affection just as much!

12. Siberian

Lifespan: 12-15 years

Siberians are one of the largest domestic cat breeds next to Maine Coon with their medium-large size, and until now, Russian national treasure, having been in the country’s literature and fairytales over many decades. 

Siberian is mother to all long-haired cat breeds with their long, thick, triple coats (guard, awn and down hair) that are designed to protect them from the brutal climate of their homeland, Russia. 

They are most commonly described similar to a dog with their no typical quiet lap cat. Instead, Siberians are active and athletic cats This majestic breed is also known for their hyper alertness with great problem-solving skills. 

Caring for their three layered coat (guard hair, awn hair, down) is easy as they only need at most 2 brushings a week. And more interestingly, Siberian produces minimal Fel d 1 protein which simply means they are perfectly suitable for adorers with cat allergies!

13. Selkirk Rex

Lifespan: 14-15 years

This is one of the newest breeds, originated from a Montana housecat after an outcrossing of  Persians, British Shorthairs, and Exotic Shorthairs that gives them a lovable, round-eyed expression.

They are the only cat breed named after a person when their breed’s originator named them after his stepfather. 

Like LaPerm, Selkrirk has naturally curly, thick coats and whiskers, and their coats are varying in lengths, though they are particularly adorable in their soft wooly-sheep state.

Depending on whether a Selkrik kitten has the dominant gene, some do not have curly coats. But those who do only need a few combings and brushing a week to keep their coat in decent condition.

Generally, they have a fun, loving and outgoing personality!

14. Ragamuffin

Lifespan: 12-16 years

They are very similar to Ragdoll cat especially with their oval-blue eyes (Ragamuffin’s eyes are more various in color), the only differences being their patterns and colors. And just like their cousin, they are a low-maintenance cat due to the reason that their long silky soft coat does not easily clump or mat. 

They are not as big as they appear to be, though you would think that from their wild fur. However, as the Maine Coon and Norwegian Forest, Ragamuffin males can grow to a fairly large size.

Their docile nature is loved by many as they enjoy being held like a baby. Furthermore, their adaptability and placidity makes them an even better choice for smaller homes. 

15. Nebelung

Lifespan: 11-16 years

The cross of Russian Blue and a black domestic shorthair birthed long-haired blue kitten that is now famous as the gentle, shy look Nebelung. People often see them as the long-haired variety of the Russian Blue.

The prominence of their features are most definitely the silky shimmering blue coat and silver point thick bushy tail that sweeps gracefully behind them.

16. Chantilly-Tiffany

Lifespan: 14-16 years

They originated from a crossed breeding of a Persian and a Burmese in the United States, and is the least known breed among long-haired cat breeds. 

They have long, silky coat, and chiefly loved in their original chocolate brown coat. 

17. British Longhair

Lifespan: 18-20 years

This breed was developed in the early 1900s, and now is a close comparison to a teddy bear for the plush and soft fur of their lustrous long coat.

They are generally easygoing, but although they enjoy spending time with people and devote themselves to their family, they do not enjoy being carried around and will get uncomfortable when given too much attention

This sweet fluff tend to be quite relax and low maintenance due to their liking on a sedentary life, which is a wonderful choice as a pet if you live in a small apartment

18. LaPerm

Lifespan: 10-14 years

They are a new breed, having developed in 1982. A spontaneous mutation resulted in their unusual appearance that is their distinct long and tight curly coat (calico, tortoiseshell and tabby), around their ears, neck and tail, as well as their bottle-brush, fluffy tail. However, some are born with ‘normal’ fur and never grow to curl when they reach adulthood.

Despite their unique coat, LaPerm is easy to groom as they don’t shed much, but from time to time, there is a period when they heavily shed. But this just means they will come out with a thicker curly coat!

Their nature is resolving around being affectionate, active, and curious!

19. Scottish Fold (Highland Fold)

Lifespan: 11-14 years

From afar, this breed catch people’s attention with their distinctive feature that is their flat and folded ears! However, this specific mutation needs a thorough precaution and care as the way their ears develope may lead to detrimental health issues during their lifetime. Hence, the general consensus is that a Scottish Fold is only mating with a British Shorthair to expend the gene pool but retain its appearance all the same. 

Other exceptional features are their big, round eyes that make them look like an owl.

They have thick and full coat with feathering on their ears, tail, feet and ruff. This undoubtedly needs weekly combings but that is as far as it goes. 

Lastly, they have a favourable, fond personality that enjoys any company!

20. American Curl

Lifespan: 12-16 years

Following their namesake, American Curl have curled ears rather than the usual straight up ears of most cats. 

Interestingly, not all of this breed will have ears that curl backward, as one litter can have both curling and non-curling kittens. 

On average, they are medium-size cats who are famous for being highly affectionate and friendly, an all-around suitable choice for a family with loving children.

21. Japanese Bobtail

Lifespan: 9-15 years

This breed is very similar to American Bobtail with their rabbit-like short tail, only smaller in size. Japanese Bobtail receives a lot of love, especially in Japanese culture as people see them as animals who bring luck. More than that, they have an intelligent and active personality, and can be very ‘chatty’ with you when they are in the mood. 

22. Pixiebob

Lifespan: 13-15 years

They look very similar to a ‘wild catlike the Bobcat. In fact, many breeders believe Bobcats are part of their ancestry. Their heavy double coat comes in either striped or mackerel pattern and needs constant brushing. This breed is popular for being relax and chill. Though they show dog-like aspects on how they harbor a complete devotion and loyalty to you, making Pixiebob a perfect companion for families that have kids and other pets.

23. Turkish Van (Van cat)

Lifespan: 12-15 years

This ancient breed is known for the white coat that covers most of their body and the small patterns on their head. But what’s even more exceptional, this cat loves swimming! In fact, they originated from an area in Turkey with many lakes where they enjoy frolicking and splashing in the water! 

They have soft, semi-long coat (black, blue, cream, tabby, tortoiseshell) that feels like cashmere, and complementing their favourite activity, is resistant to water! But contrary to what their luxurious appearance implied, they are not heavy shedders. Another point for why you should consider them as your new family member!

They have energy like a dog that is suitable with active companies, but independent enough, so you won’t have to worry about leaving them alone for a short period of time. They also enjoy climbing, which means they will need a lot of high places to perch.

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